Australia remembers Sarn Singh and Nain Singh Sailani on their 100 Anniversary of Death serving with A.I.F. in WWI
Private Sarn Singh Johal and Private Nain Singh Sailani were honoured at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, with a Wreath Laying at the Last Post Ceremony, by the The High Commissioner of India in Australia H.E. Dr.M. Gondane, The Hon. Gordon Ramsay MLA, Attorney General, Minister for Veterans and Seniors, representing Chief Minister of ACT, The Hon., Andrew Barr MLA, Alistair Coe MLA, Leader of the Opposition ACT, Elizabeth Kikkert MLA, Shadow Minister for Multicultural Affairs, ACT, Dr. Yadu Singh (Federation of Indian Associations of NSW, FIAN), Historians Len Kenna and Crystal Jordan representing the Australian Indian Historical Society Inc., and Hartinder Singh Johal, the Grand Nephew of Sarn Singh Johal. Pre-Wreath Laying part of the ceremony was conducted warmly and efficiently by Dr Yadu Singh, had moving speeches from the dignitaries and Len Kenna, outlining the contributions of Indian Australians starting more than a century ago. About 100 prominent people from Canberra, Sydney and Melbourne, including Prof Deep Saini, Vice Chancellor, University of Canberra, Amardeep Singh (Federation of Indian Associations of ACT, FINACT), Sqn Ldr Vickram Grewal, Manmohan Singh Shergill (AIHS), Dr. Santokh Singh Ajula (AIHS), Jasbir Singh Gidda (Sikh Association of Canberra), Baljinder Singh Nanda and Ajay Kumar were present.
Sarn Singh Johal and his friend John St. Claire known as Paddy, enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force (A.I.F.) at Adelaide, South Australia on the 15th May 1916 and Nain Singh Sailani enlisted at Perth, Western Australia in June 1916. Sarn and John were transferred to the 43rd Battalion and Nain to the 44th Battalion of the A.I.F. Sarn, John and Nain embarked for England. After training, they left England for duty in France and Belgium.
Nain, who was from Shimla District of current Himachal Pradesh, India and a Gurkha Hindu, was killed in action on the 1st June 1917 and was buried at Strand Military Cemetery, Ploegsteert, Belgium. Nain Singh Sailani is commemorated on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial, Panel number 138. He was posthumously awarded the British War medal and Victory Medal, and the medals were sent to his mother in India.
Sarn Singh, a Sikh who was from Jalandhar District of Punjab, India, was killed in action on the Messines Ridge in Belgium on the 10th June 1917 and buried there in the field by the Reverend G. Huthenace the same day. Sarn’s name has been commemorated at the Ypres Menin Gate Memorial, Belgium. His name is on Panel number 137 on the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial. He was posthumously awarded the British War Medal and Victory Medal, and the medals were sent to his widow, Partap, in India. The Executor of his last Will and Testament was Amon Bux from Adelaide, who ensured that Sarn’s estate was administered and sent to his widow who later received and Australia Army Pension. Sarn Singh’s memory was honoured in the newspaper in June 1918, “His duty nobly done.” Saran’s friend John (Paddy), was killed in action, two days after Sarn, in Belgium on the 12 June 1917.
These two Indians were the only Indian Soldiers enlisted in the AIF in WWI to be killed in action. It was a matter of pride for not only those who attended this sombre ceremony but also to Indian Australians in general to know about this history and the contribution of soldiers from their heritage for Australia starting a century ago. People appreciated Len Kenna and Crystal Jordan (her father was born in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India), who have been researching Indians in Australia since 1985 and published 6 books on the subject. Their goals have been to reduce racism and to unite the whole Indian Community into the Australian Community. They have established a comprehensive website and the Australian Indian Historical Society Inc., (AIHS) to carry on the work.